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Israel Airstrikes Hit Gaza Sites       06/16 06:05


   JERUSALEM (AP) -- Israeli aircraft carried out a series of airstrikes at 
militant sites in the Gaza Strip early Wednesday, the first such raids since a 
shaky cease-fire ended the war with Hamas last month.

   The airstrikes targeted facilities used by Hamas militants for meetings to 
plan attacks, the Israeli military said, blaming the group for any act of 
violence emanating from Gaza. There were no immediate reports of casualties.

   On Tuesday, hundreds of Israeli ultranationalists, some chanting "Death to 
Arabs," paraded in east Jerusalem in a show of force that threatened to spark 
renewed violence. Palestinians in Gaza responded by launching incendiary 
balloons that caused at least 10 fires in southern Israel.

   The march posed a test for Israel's fragile new government as well as the 
tenuous truce that ended last month's 11-day war between Israel and Hamas.

   Palestinians consider the march, meant to celebrate Israel's capture of east 
Jerusalem in 1967, to be a provocation. Hamas called on Palestinians to 
"resist" the parade, a version of which helped ignite last month's 11-day Gaza 

   With music blaring, hundreds of Jewish nationalists gathered and moved in 
front of Damascus Gate. Most appeared to be young men, and many held 
blue-and-white Israeli flags as they danced and sang religious songs.

   At one point, several dozen youths, jumping and waving their hands in their 
air, chanted: "Death to Arabs!" In another anti-Arab chant, they yelled: "May 
your village burn."

   In a scathing condemnation on Twitter, Foreign Minister Yair Lapid said 
those shouting racist slogans were "a disgrace to the Israeli people," adding: 
"The fact that there are radicals for whom the Israeli flag represents hatred 
and racism is abominable and unforgivable."

   The crowd, while boisterous, appeared to be much smaller than during last 
month's parade. From the Damascus Gate, they proceeded around the Old City to 
the Western Wall, the holiest place where Jews can pray.

   Ahead of the march, Israeli police cleared the area in front of Damascus 
Gate, shut down roads to traffic, ordered shops to close and sent away young 
Palestinian protesters. Police said that officers arrested 17 people suspected 
of involvement in violence, some of whom threw rocks and attacked police, and 
that two police officers needed medical treatment. Palestinians said five 
people were hurt in clashes with police.

   The parade provided an early challenge for Israel's new prime minister, 
Naftali Bennett, a hardline Israeli nationalist who has promised a pragmatic 
approach as he presides over a delicate, diverse coalition government.

   Though there were concerns the march would raise tensions, canceling it 
would have opened Bennett and other right-wing members of the coalition to 
intense criticism from those who would view it as a capitulation to Hamas. The 
coalition was sworn in Sunday and includes parties from across the political 
spectrum, including a small Arab party.

   Mansour Abbas, whose Raam party is the first Arab faction to join an Israeli 
coalition, said the march was "an attempt to set the region on fire for 
political aims," with the intention of undermining the new government.

   Abbas said the police and public security minister should have canceled the 
event. "I call on all sides not to be dragged into an escalation and maintain 
maximum restraint," he said.

   In past years, the march passed through Damascus Gate and into the heart of 
the Muslim Quarter, a crowded Palestinian neighborhood with narrow streets and 
alleys. But police changed the route Tuesday to avoid the Muslim Quarter.

   Instead, the route went around the ancient walls of the Old City and through 
Jaffa Gate, a main thoroughfare for tourists, and toward the Jewish Quarter and 
Western Wall, the holiest site where Jews can pray.

   Damascus Gate is a focal point of Palestinian life in east Jerusalem. 
Palestinian protesters repeatedly clashed with Israeli police over restrictions 
on public gatherings during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan in April and May.

   Those clashes spread to the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound, a flashpoint site 
sacred to Jews and Muslims. Tensions at the time were further fueled by 
protests over the threatened eviction of dozens of Palestinian families by 
Jewish settlers, also in Jerusalem.

   At the height of the tensions, on May 10, Israeli ultranationalists held 
their annual flag parade. While it was diverted from the Damascus Gate at the 
last minute, it was seen by Palestinians as an unwelcome celebration of Israeli 
control over what they view as their capital.

   In the name of defending the holy city, Hamas fired long-range rockets at 
Jerusalem, disrupting the march and sparking the Gaza war, which claimed more 
than 250 Palestinian lives and killed 13 people in Israel.

   After capturing east Jerusalem in 1967, Israel annexed the in a move not 
recognized by most of the international community. It considers the entire city 
its capital, while the Palestinians want east Jerusalem to be the capital of 
their future state. The competing claims over east Jerusalem, home to Jewish, 
Christian and Muslim holy sites, lie at the heart of the conflict and have 
sparked many rounds of violence.

   Hamas had called on Palestinians to show "valiant resistance" to the march. 
It urged people to gather in the Old City and at the Al-Aqsa Mosque to "rise up 
in the face of the occupier and resist it by all means to stop its crimes and 

   In the afternoon, Hamas-linked Palestinians launched some incendiary 
balloons from Gaza, setting off at least 10 blazes in southern Israel, 
according to Israel's national fire department.

   Abu Malek, one of the young men launching the balloons, called the move "an 
initial response" to the march.

   Prime Minister Mohammad Shtayyeh, of the internationally backed Palestinian 
Authority in the West Bank, called the march an "aggression against our 
people." In neighboring Jordan, the Foreign Ministry issued a statement 
condemning the march as "unacceptable," saying it undermined efforts to reduce 
friction between Israel and the Palestinians.

   Israeli media reported the military was on heightened alert in the occupied 
West Bank and along the Gaza frontier. Batteries of Israel's Iron Dome 
rocket-defense system were seen deployed near the southern town of Netivot, 
near the Gaza border, as a precaution.

   Defense Minister Benny Gantz met with the military chief of staff, the 
police commissioner and other senior security officials. He "underscored the 
need to avoid friction and protect the personal safety of ... Jews and Arabs 
alike," his office said.

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